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Best Depression Treatment

March 20th, 2019

Best Depression Treatment – Anxiety therapy and medication seems to have always worked when it comes to treating depression related to PTSD

Everyone occasionally feels blue or sad, but these feelings are usually fleeting and pass within a couple of days. When a person has a depressive disorder, it interferes with daily life, normal functioning, and causes pain for both the person with the disorder and those who care about him or her. Depression is a common but serious illness, and most who experience it need treatment to get better. The good news is that depression, even the most severe cases, is a highly treatable disorder.

Screening
You may be wondering if you have symptoms of Depression. One way of determining that is to take a brief confidential and anonymous screen. Only you will see the results of the brief screen. None of the results are stored or sent anywhere. You can choose to print a copy of the results for your own records or to give to your physician or a mental health professional.

VA Programs & Services

A number of depression treatments are available. Medication and psychological counseling (psychotherapy) are very effective for most people. There are also many types of professionals who treat depression. A good place to start is with your primary care physician. In some cases, a primary care physician can prescribe medication to relieve depression symptoms. However, if treatment by your physician does not help you, the next step is to see a mental health professional.

In addition to medications, psychotherapy can be very effective in the treatment of depression. In fact, evidence-based psychotherapies are among the most effective treatments for depression. The following evidence-based psychotherapies have been found to be effective in treating depression. One or more of them can be found at your local VA Medical Center.

Cognitive Behavioral Therapy (CBT-D)

CBT is a structured, time-limited psychotherapy that helps individuals develop more balanced and helpful thoughts about themselves, others, and the future. CBT also helps individuals spend more time engaging in pleasurable or productive activities. CBT helps individuals to achieve personal goals and solve problems by learning and practicing new skills.

I am interested in learning more about CBT-D

Acceptance and Commitment Therapy (ACT-D)

ACT is a psychotherapy based on the relationship between thoughts, feelings, and behaviors, which help individuals overcome their struggle with emotional pain and worry by encouraging them to take active steps to move forward. ACT helps individuals recognize, commit to, and achieve what matters most to them in life.

I am a interested in learning more about ACT-D

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT)

Interpersonal Psychotherapy (IPT) is a treatment for depression that focuses on the relationships that may be the cause or the result of depression. IPT helps individuals to understand the connection between their depression and current relationship problems. It also helps individuals build social skills to deal better with problems. This helps to improve how someone feels as well and the quality of their life.

I am interested in learning more about IPT

https://www.mentalhealth.va.gov/depression.asp).  The anxiety therapy is not new.

 

PTSD and Best Depression Treatment

Anxiety Therapy – Best Depression and PTSD Treatment

Best Depression Treatment

Articles & Fact Sheets

  • What is Major Depression?: A VA Fact Sheet providing information on: basic facts, symptoms, treatments, and information for families (2011).
  • Depression After Brain Injury: A guide for patients and their caregivers from Agency for Healthcare Research and Quality (AHRQ).
  • Depression: A detailed booklet with information on symptoms, causes, treatments, getting help and coping (2007).
  • Depression (Easy to Read): An easy-to-read booklet that explains what depression is, how long it lasts and how to get help (2007).
  • Older Adults and Depression: A brief statistical fact sheet on depression and suicide in older adults, with information on treatments and suicide prevention (2003).
  • Late Life Depression: According to the VA’s National Registry for Depression, 11% of Veterans aged 65 years and older have a diagnosis of major depressive disorder, a rate more than twice that found in the general population of adults aged 65 and older.
  • Seasonal Affective Disorder: Seasonal Affective Disorder, also known as “winter depression,” is not pure seasonal depression, but seasonal worsening of pre-existing depression. It is defined as “recurring depression with seasonal onset and remission,” mostly affecting people who already have depression.

 

Resources

  • National Alliance on Mental Illness (NAMI) – Depression: A grassroots organization dedicated to improving the lives of individuals and families affected by mental illness. Provides information on symptoms, causes, diagnosis, treatment and more.
  • National Institute of Mental Health (NIMH) – Depression: A national organization whose mission is to transform the understanding and treatment of mental illnesses through basic and clinical research, paving the way for prevention, recovery and cure. Provides information on signs, symptoms, treatment, clinical trials and more.
  • Mental Health America (MHA) – Depression: A nonprofit dedicated to helping all people live mentally healthier lives. Provides a number of factsheets on depression such as: Depression: What You Need to Know and Signs of Depression Checklist.
  • Depression and Bipolar Support Alliance (DBSA) – Depression: A national organization focusing on the most prevalent mental illnesses. Provides information on symptoms and types of depression, as well as a few brochures such as: Myths and Facts about Depression and Bipolar Disorder.

If you have thoughts of hurting yourself or someone else, please call the Veterans Crisis line 1-800-273-8255, press 1 or visit their website at www.veteranscrisisline.net/.

Originally posted 2017-11-07 09:34:34.

Drug And Alcohol Rehab

March 19th, 2019

What Kind of Drug and Alcohol Rehab Centers Are There?

By Milfred Kennelly | Submitted On November 09, 2010

Drug And Alcohol Rehab – What do you think of when you hear the word “drug and alcohol rehab centers”? You may think all drug and alcohol rehab centers are alike, but the truth is that they’re not. There are different types, and they serve different types of needs. Some provide posh accommodations complete with generously stocked refrigerators, luxury bedrooms and over-friendly staff to make your whole stay vacation-like. Then, there are those that resemble hospitals.

In the past, most drug and rehab centers were only a few steps away from resembling jails. They looked like a prison and they felt like the prison, except that you could always leave at any time. Of course, if you did, you might never be let in again. However, you won’t necessarily be suffering when you are in rehab, although you will find yourself working harder than ever before.

  • Drug And Alcohol Rehab
  • What Kind of Drug and Alcohol Rehab Centers Are There?
  • Tips on How to Go About the Drug and Alcohol Rehab Process

There are drug and alcohol rehab centers that are solely for alcoholics, and then there are those that take in only the users of a certain drug. There are also treatment centers that take in only repeat visitors, women, men, teenagers, the elderly, or people who don’t just suffer drug and alcohol addiction, but also psychological problems.

Drug and Alcohol Rehab CentersAdditionally, there are rehab centers for people of a certain religion and centers for those who do not want religion to play any part of their rehabilitation. Many treatment centers are anchored on the “twelve-step” program. For the “twelve-step” program to be effective, you would have to believe in a “higher power”. If this doesn’t cut it for you, try a treatment center that offers an alternative system to get the same message across.

One specific example of religion-specific drug and alcohol rehab centers are Christian-based rehabs. Naturally, these programs have a lot of religious elements involved, which is why as I have stressed before, they are not for everyone. If you do not believe in the core principles of the religion involved, then the specially designed treatment course will not be effective on you.

For the most part, drug and alcohol rehab centers are classified according to the principles behind the treatment. For example, there are centers that follow a client-centered approach. There are also centers that follow the many different paradigms for psychoanalytic treatment. Then, there are the hybrids. These are the drug and alcohol rehab centers that combine at least two different schools of thought where rehabilitation is concerned.

When you are getting treatment, you can choose to either be an inpatient or an outpatient. Experts recommend residential programs because these are far more intensive and usually more effective. In any case, given how varied treatment approaches are, it’s important to do a little research on the drug and alcohol rehab centers that are on your shortlist. Go ahead and do this. Get in touch with the centers that you are considering, and talk to them about what methods they use for treatment and if it fits in with your belief system. Once you know what to expect, you will see that no matter what substance you are addicted to, there are people who can help.

Milfred Kennelly is a writer and researcher on drug and alcohol rehab centers. Learn how you can fight addiction and help yourself or a loved one start the necessary journey to recovery using the Recovery Ways system: recoveryaddictiontreatment.com.

Ref:
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/5350221

Tips on How to Go About the Drug and Alcohol Rehab Process

By Nelson Kana | Submitted On March 25, 2010

After the great achievement of starting the substance free life comes one other very delicate part of the journey to complete drug and alcohol rehab. Let’s agree on the fact that there is a great difference between taking the decision to do away with addicting substances and to effectively keeping them away from you. In all the cases there is always a starting point without which we would never talk about drug and alcohol rehab.

Keeping a drug and alcohol-free life consists of all the initiatives that one undertakes to avoid falling back into dependence. In the past when the substance abuse was still a very rare phenomenon, all the main efforts put in place so far to try to fight it was to prove its harmful effects. Today it has been established that more efforts have to be put in the second part of drug and alcohol rehab process which is to live the substance free life.

In order to be sure of where we are going it is important to know what exactly we want. Most of the people who go through drug and alcohol rehab seem to miss the point because once they stop consuming substances, their enemy becomes their body reactions to this break. Since the body reactions will only cease after a given period of time after the last intake, it turns out to be like fighting the wrong enemy without success. This usually causes most people who engage in drug and alcohol rehab to give up after a short period of time.

Drug_and_Alcohol_Rehab_CentersIn the process of drug and alcohol rehab, these body reactions are termed drug withdrawal. Depending on the particular substance it is important to know the expected symptoms of the withdrawal. Though most of them can be dealt with by simple perseverance some can be treated with medication. The chemical treatment, in this case, will just serve like the pain killers does when we have a headache that is not really solving the problem at the source. Therefore we are left with developing the new habit of living without drugs.

Let’s put all together with our goal in drug and alcohol rehab.

Overcoming the withdrawal symptoms
Developing the drug-free life style
The question left should be how do we develop this life style? Let’s examine the different things that influence our life style. As we live each day we gather information from all our five senses that are we gather images, sounds, scents, tastes and feelings from our skin. In the same way that a set information caused one to be addicted, we have to put together another set information to will produce the reverse effect. To make it plain with an example, if a person decides to stop tobacco consumption and then goes to places where he sees people smoking and even catches the scent of cigarette, this person is very likely to fall back into dependence because the more you get information about something the more you are urged to do that thing. A better situation would be if the person were surrounded by all sort of information that suggests a complete drug-free life then these would ease the persons passage to detoxification.

Drug and alcohol rehab requires that an addict should stay away from all sort of images, sounds, tastes, feelings, and scents that suggest drug and alcohol addiction as much as possible. This is somehow why some people reported about their failures in their complete detoxification. It takes much support from family and friends to be able to complete the process. However, it worth taking that step because it is better to be able to choose what pleases you and chose when you want to get pleasure from it than to be controlled by drugs. It should be noted however that there is no guarantee that following these rules will secure your drug and alcohol rehab process. For generations now it has been known that if there be any thing man cannot do then God can do it for you. The only thing man can do is to suggest treatment but God is the only one who heals.

Nelson Kana is currently a Youth Worker in a local Youth Ministry in Cameroon and has been carrying out researches on drug and alcohol rehab [http://www.drugandalcoholrehab.ebottabi.com/]

Ref:
Article Source: http://EzineArticles.com/expert/Nelson_Kana/594515

 

Originally posted 2017-08-27 20:36:29.

Prevent Panic Attacks With These Tips And Tricks

March 19th, 2019

Would you like to learn some great tricks about how to cope with panic attacks? Panic attacks can happen to anyone at anytime. This article is filled with information and tips on getting rid of your stress and managing your panic attacks.

If you tend to have panic attacks, make sure you are getting enough sleep every night. Not getting enough sleep can not only increase the frequency of attacks, it can also keep you from clearing your head and calming down if you have one. Try for eight restful hours of sleep every night.

Deal with your panic attacks by seeing a great therapist. Look online to find reviews of therapists, or ask a trustworthy friend or family member.

If you feel an onset of panic or severe anxiety looming ahead, you must force yourself to determine whether the situation poses an actual threat to your health and well-being. Is anyone actually trying to hurt you? Probably, the answer is no. Just relax and let go of the fear.

Panic Attack

The minute you know a panic attack is coming, distract yourself — even if it’s something as simple as counting and recounting your fingers to yourself or reading license plate numbers. Think about your favorite song or do a puzzle. Anything that will distract you from the panic will be helpful. It is possible to avoid a full-on panic attack this way.

TIP!Listen to music as soon as you feel the feeling of panic so that you divert your attention to the lyrics or beat. Sit still without any outside distractions and listen to calming songs that have a nice soft tone while focusing on the words that are sung.

The best course of action during a panic attack is to sit down right where you are and breathe. Breathe in deeply through your nose, allowing your stomach to rise. Count to five while you inhale, and then exhale through your mouth as your count to five again. Continue these deep breathing exercises for ten reps to stave off a panic attack.

If possible, invite them over in person. Doing so will help you improve your mood very fast.

Focus on exhaling when you are having a panic attack. Most people take short, quick breaths when they are panicking, and doing so is fine. The important thing is to try to hold in each breath and then slowly exhale.

Use your the adrenaline from your panic attacks to motivate you to clean your house and eliminate clutter. If you stay inactive, your excess energy will only cause you to feel more stressed. Besides, by channeling your extra energy, you should be able to clean your house more efficiently than ever.

Write down your knowledge of dealing with panic attacks to share with others. You can start an online blog, create a newsletter, or write an e-book. Others who suffer from panic disorders may be able to give you some useful information.

Be aware of what you are feeling and experiencing at any given time in order to anticipate the onset of a panic attack and avert it if possible. Knowing what types of situations elicit anxiety can help you find methods for dealing with them. Look over them often, so that you can get a feel as to what your triggers and try to steer clear of them.

Never consider yourself a failure because of your panic attacks. There is no method that can make your condition worse, so try new methods until you find the one that helps you.

If you have a family member who suffers from panic attacks, you should familiarize yourself with the physical symptoms he or she is going to experience, so you can recognize an attack and remain calm, should the person ever have one in your presence. A sufferer could experience feelings of faintness, numb sensations, shortness of breath, trembling, heart palpitations, hot or cold flashes, sweating, dizziness, and nausea. Look out for symptoms of heart attacks or any other serious health problems before you start treatment for a panic attack.

A great way to stop your anxiety and panic attacks is to try meditation and deep breathing exercises. Take in ten deep breaths, counting each one on the inhale and then on the exhale. Depp breathing oxygenates your brain for improved function and takes your attention away from any negative thoughts.

If you are really suffering from severe panic attacks, cognitive behavioral therapy might be your answer. Many people have benefited from this type of therapy when it is conducted by licensed professionals, and it could be helpful to you as well. You can find practitioners in your area by doing an online search. Make sure you look for one who is an experienced and accredited specialist and who specializes in treating anxiety disorders and panic disorder.

As you can see, there are many ways you can fight back against panic disorders. None of us are able to make them stop completely, and all of us have a good chance of having one. These tips can help you control the situation when a panic attack happens.

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Originally posted 2017-08-08 11:28:05.

Food for thought – Wise words

March 18th, 2019

Food for thought  –  Wise words

PTSD and all different kinds of mental/trauma healing not only comes from therapy, medications EMDR and much more.  It takes more than just the therapy to get your life back, and that is “YOU”.

You need to take part in your own treatment and recovery.

  1.    Take time to work – It is the price of success
  2.    Take time to think – It is the source of power.
  3.    Take time to play – It is the secret of youth
  4.    Take time to read – It is the foundation of knowledge
  5.    Take time to Worship – It is the highway of reverence and washes the dust of earth from our eyes.
  6.    Take time to help and enjoy friends – It is the source of happiness.
  7.    Take time to love – It is the one sacrament of living
  8.    Take time to Dream – It hitches the soul to the stars.
  9.    Take time Laugh – It is the singing that helps with life’s loads.
  10.  Take time for Beauty – It is everywhere in nature.
  11.  Take time for health – It is true wealth and treasure of life
  12.  Take time to plan – It is the secret of being able to have time to take time for the first eleven things.

“When someone loves you, the way they talk about you is different. You feel safe and comfortable.”
Jess C. Scott, The Intern

“I demolish my bridges behind me…then there is no choice but to move forward”
Fridtjof Nansen

“When you have exhausted all possibilities, remember this – you haven’t.”
Thomas A. Edison

“But just because you bury something, that doesn’t mean it stops existing.”
Jenny Han, We’ll Always Have Summer

“Make your lives a masterpiece, you only get one canvas.”
E.A. Bucchianeri, Brushstrokes of a Gadfly

It is always wise to look ahead,
but difficult to look further than you can see.
– Winston Churchill

Word of Advice
Listen to music every time, don’t be an enemy of yourself! Exercise yourself, it brings out the best in you.  Always remember to plan, cause people don’t plan to fail, but they fail to Plan.  Always plan to succeed! Speculation, anticipation, and fear of the unknown only bring you “$0.00” ROI.

 

References:

Words and wisdom of hope

Wikipedia: Words and wisdom of hope

Quote of the Day

The Quotations Page

Wisdom and Quotes

Board of Wisdom

 

 

Engr. Prince Onaolapo Adeyemi
CEO Crewlane Technologies

Free SEO Tools  EMDR  Alternative Trauma Workout   EMDR Side Effects  General Health Topics

Originally posted 2008-03-25 19:00:00.

Drug and Alcohol Recovery – The EMDR Approach

March 18th, 2019

Drug and Alcohol Recovery

The History and Abuse Of Alcohol

Throughout recorded history, there has always been alcohol in of some variety.  When you are sitting on a Friday night with your vodka and coke or Pernod and lemonade, does it ever cross your mind how exactly the drink came about? Below is a history of some of the more popular drinks that are enjoyed today such as vodka, gin, Pernod, and cachaca.

Pernod is an aniseed-based spirit that has been enjoyed in France for approximately 200 years as an aperitif and a zesty cooking ingredient. During the Babylonian era, aniseed drinks were known as elixirs with unique qualities to cure a variety of stomach and digestive disorders. It has long been recognized that when you combine wormwood and aniseed plants it contains certain healing powers and has been known to have mood-altering effects.

 

Cachaca is made from raw sugar cane and the major difference is that the lighter rums are more commonly made from whats known as molasses, (A thick syrup produced in refining raw sugar and ranging from light to dark brown in color) this is a by-product from boiling the cane juice to extract as much sugar as possible. It is made from fresh sugarcane juice that is fermented and distilled.

 

Pernod

Pernod

Cachaca is Brazils national spirit and the key ingredient in the classic cocktail caipirinha, the history of Cachaca goes back nearly 5 centuries when plantation owners began serving Cachaca to their slaves after seeing that it increased their vigor. Over the next lot of years better Cachacas were being distilled and soon people started drinking it in colonial Brazil while having dinner at home. Shortly after this slavery was banned in 1888 when Brazil was declared a modern Republic.

 

The first confirmed date for the production of gin is the early 17th century in Holland, although claims have been made that it was produced prior to this in Italy. No journals or record to back it up.  In Holland, it was produced as a medicine and sold in chemist shops to treat stomach complaints, gout, and gallstones. To make it more palatable, the Dutch started to flavor it with juniper, which has medicinal properties of its own.

As with other chronic diseases, such as diabetes, asthma, or heart disease, drug addiction can be managed effectively

British troops fighting in the Low Countries during the Thirty Years’ War, were given ‘Dutch Courage’ during the long campaigns in the damp weather through the warming properties of gin. Eventually, they started bringing it back home with them, where already it was often sold in chemists’ shops. Distillation was taking place in a small way in England, but it began on a greater scale, though the quality was often very dubious. The new drink became a firm favorite with the poor.

In 1730 London had over 7,000 shops that sold only spirits. Abuse of alcohol by the poor became a major problem, which was tackled by introducing The Gin Act at midnight on 29 September 1739, making gin prohibitively expensive. The Prime Minister, Sir Robert Walpole and Dr. Samuel Johnson were among those who opposed the Act since they considered it could not be enforced against the will of the common people. They were right.

Riots broke out and the law was widely and openly broken, the Gin Act was finally repealed in 1742 and a new policy was introduced with the help of distillers: reasonably high prices, reasonable excise duties and licensed retailers under the supervision of magistrates. In essence, this is the situation which exists today. Since then many companies established themselves as well-to-do manufacturers and the gin became the drink of high quality.

Vodka is a drink which originated in Eastern Europe. The name stemming from the Russian word ‘voda’ meaning water. The first documented production of vodka in Russia was the end of the 9th century, but the first known distillery at Khylnovsk was about two hundred years later as reported in the Vyatka Chronicle of 1174. Poland lays claims to having distilled vodka even earlier in the 8th century, but as this was a distillation of wine it might be more appropriate to consider it a crude brandy. The first identifiable Polish vodkas appeared in the 11th century when they were called ‘Gorz-Alka’ originally used as medicines.

During the Middle Ages, distilled liquor was used mainly for medicinal purposes, as well as being an ingredient in the production of gunpowder. In the 14th century a British Ambassador to Moscow first described vodka as the Russian national drink and in the mid 16th century it was established as the national drink in Poland and Finland.

Since early production methods were crude, vodka often contained impurities, so to mask these the distillers flavored their spirits with fruit, herbs or spices. The mid 15th century saw the first appearance of pot distillation in Russia. Prior to that, seasoning, aging and freezing were all used to remove impurities, around this time (1450) vodka started to be produced in large quantities and the first recorded exports of Russian vodka were to Sweden in 1505. Polish ‘woda’ exports started a century later, from major production centers in Posnan and Krakow.

Types produced included: acorn, anisette, birch, calamus root, calendula, cherry, chicory, dill, ginger hazelnut, horseradish, juniper, lemon, mastic, mint, mountain ash, oak, pepper, peppermint, raspberry, sage, sorrel, wort and water melon.

In the 18th century, a professor in St. Petersburg discovered a method of purifying alcohol using charcoal filtration. Felt and river sand had already been used for some time in Russia for filtration.

The spread of awareness of vodka continued throughout the 19th century, helped by the presence in many part drunkenness of Europe and Russian soldiers involved in the Napoleonic Wars. Increasing popularity led to escalating demand and to meet this demand, lower grade products were produced based largely on distilled potato mash.

After the Russian Revolution, the Bolsheviks confiscated all private distilleries in Moscow. As a result, a number of Russian vodka-makers emigrated, taking their skills and recipes with them. One such exile revived his brand in Paris, using the French version of his family name – Smirnoff. Thence, having met a Russian migrant from the USA, they set up the first vodka distillery there in 1934. This was subsequently sold to a US drinks company. From this small start, vodka began in the 1940s to achieve its wide popularity in the Western World.

Following the Russian Revolution in 1917, a number of Russian refugees took their skills and their love of vodka to many parts of the world.

In the 1930s one such exile emigrated from Russia via France to the United States bringing with him the formula to one of the leading Russian makes of vodka.

Through his dealings with another Russian immigrant, the first vodka distillery in the U.S. was set up in the 1930s. Although not particularly successful at first, this enterprise was sold on again to an entrepreneur who eventually made a hit in the 1950s with a vodka-based cocktail – the Moscow Mule. Vodka did not see a great boom in popularity in the West until the 1960s and 1970s when many more brands were launched in the USA and the UK.

The timing coincided with the cultural revolution in these countries – the ‘swinging 60s.’ With a more affluent younger generation and a generally more relaxed lifestyle and the emphasis on adventure and experimentation – vodka’s mixability led to its huge and ever rising popularity.

Vodka cocktails are almost as numerous as those of gin and are seen in the same exclusive circles and stylish bars the world over.  Now let’s talk about the addiction to these wonderful cocktails.

Intervention Of Drug And Alcohol Recovery

Sometimes life gets tough and we need to make some hard decisions to better ourselves. We seek solace through materials that can be harmful to us. No matter your age, or when you experience an addiction, can be costly for the person suffering from it as well as their families. In times like these, it%u2019s imperative to get professional help to nip the problem in the bud.

Addiction is a tough issue to confront. Even when you know that you%u2019re dealing with an alcohol addiction, it%u2019s not something you want to reflect on or talk about. It%u2019s certainly not something you want to muster up the energy to fight. More than 15 million Americans have some sort of alcohol use disorder, though just 1 percent receives the help they need.

In 2014, 30,700 Americans died from alcohol-induced causes. This figure includes both alcohol poisoning and cirrhosis, which is primarily brought on by excessive alcohol consumption. In that same year, there were 9.4 alcohol-induced deaths per 100,000 people % u2013 a 37 percent increase from 2002.

Treatment of Drug And Alcohol Addiction

Principles of Drug Addiction Treatment: A Research-Based GuideAlcohol AddictionNaltrexoneNaltrexone blocks opioid receptors that are involved in the rewarding effects of drinking and the craving for alcohol. It has been shown to reduce relapse to problem drinking in some patients. An extended release version, Vivitrol%u2014administered once a month by injection%u2014is also FDA-approved for treating alcoholism and may offer benefits regarding compliance.

Acamprosate

Acamprosate (Campral) acts on the gamma-aminobutyric acid (GABA) and glutamate neurotransmitter systems and is thought to reduce symptoms of protracted withdrawal, such as insomnia, anxiety, restlessness, and dysphoria. Acamprosate has been shown to help dependent drinkers maintain abstinence for several weeks to months, and it may be more effective in patients with severe dependence.

Disulfiram

Disulfiram (Antabuse) interferes with degradation of alcohol, resulting in the accumulation of acetaldehyde, which, in turn, produces a very unpleasant reaction that includes flushing, nausea, and palpitations if a person drinks alcohol. The utility and effectiveness of disulfiram are considered limited because compliance is generally poor. However, among patients who are highly motivated, disulfiram can be effective, and some patients use it episodically for high-risk situations, such as social occasions where alcohol is present. It can also be administered in a monitored fashion, such as in a clinic or by a spouse, improving its efficacy.

Topiramate

Topiramate is thought to work by increasing inhibitory (GABA) neurotransmission and reducing stimulatory (glutamate) neurotransmission, although its precise mechanism of action is not known. Although topiramate has not yet received FDA approval for treating alcohol addiction, it is sometimes used off-label for this purpose. Topiramate has been shown in studies to significantly improve multiple drinking outcomes, compared with a placebo.

Combined With Behavioral Treatment

While a number of behavioral treatments have been shown to be effective in the treatment of alcohol addiction, it does not appear that an additive effect exists between behavioral treatments and pharmacotherapy. Studies have shown that just getting help is one of the most important factors in treating alcohol addiction; the precise type of treatment received is not as important.

Learn more about drug and alcohol addiction.

Originally posted 2017-07-30 01:00:13.

Define EMDR

March 17th, 2019

What-is-EMDR

How Does EMDR Work

EMDR Therapy for PTSD

What Are the Risks? – EMDR Side Effects

 

What is EMDR

EMDR or Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) is a fairly new, nontraditional type of psychotherapy. It’s growing in popularity, particularly for treating post-traumatic stress disorder (PTSD). PTSD often occurs after experiences such as military combat, physical assault, rape, or car accidents.

Francine Shapiro, Ph.D., an American psychologist, developed Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR) Therapy as a breakthrough therapy with the special capacity to overcome the often devastating effects of psychological trauma in the late 1980s. An ever-growing community of therapists soon saw directly its power to transform lives.

At the same time, controlled research studies consistently demonstrated its efficacy and effectiveness. For many therapists who took up this therapy, EMDR felt like a “gift” to themselves and their clients, and they were eager to “pay it forward” by spreading the word to colleagues.

Therapist directed lateral eye movements are the most commonly used external stimulus but a variety of other stimuli including hand-tapping and audio stimulation is often used (Shapiro, 1991). Shapiro (1995, 2001) hypothesizes that EMDR therapy facilitates the accessing of the traumatic memory network, so that information processing is enhanced, with new associations forged between the traumatic memory and more adaptive memories or information. These new associations are thought to result in complete information processing, new learning, elimination of emotional distress, and development of cognitive insights.

How Does EMDR Work?

In a study, 77% of combat veterans were free of PTSD in 12 sessions. There has been so much research on EMDR therapy that it is now recognized as an effective form of treatment for trauma and other disturbing experiences by organizations such as the American Psychiatric Association, the World Health Organization and the Department of Defense.

 

EMDR_therapy

Photo Credit – http://brainworldmagazine.com/how-emdr-therapy-opens-a-window-to-the-brain/

Given the worldwide recognition as an effective treatment of trauma, you can easily see how EMDR therapy would be effective in treating the “every day” memories that are the reason people have low self-esteem, feelings of powerlessness, and all the myriad problems that bring them in for therapy. Over 100,000 clinicians throughout the world use the therapy.  Millions of people have been treated successfully over the past 25 years.  

 

EMDR therapy combines different elements to maximize treatment effects. A full description of the theory, sequence of treatment, and research on protocols and active mechanisms can be found in F. Shapiro (2001) Eye Movement Desensitization and Reprocessing (EMDR): Basic Principles, Protocols, and Procedures, 2nd Edition

There are 8 phases involved.  You can read more about EMDR Principles and the phases here.

EMDR Therapy for PTSD

EMDR is a psychotherapy for PTSD. EMDR can help you process upsetting memories, thoughts, and feelings related to the trauma. By processing these experiences, you can get relief from PTSD symptoms.

After trauma, people with PTSD often have trouble making sense of what happened to them. EMDR helps you process the trauma, which can allow you to start to heal. In EMDR, you will pay attention to a back-and-forth movement or sound while you think about the upsetting memory long enough for it to become less distressing. Although EMDR is an effective treatment for PTSD, there is disagreement about it works.

Some research shows that the back and forth movement is an important part of treatment, but other research shows the opposite.

During the first stage, you will learn about physical and emotional reactions to trauma. You and your provider will discuss how ready you are to focus on your trauma memories in therapy. To prepare, you will learn some new coping skills. Next, you will identify the “target”, or the upsetting memory you want to focus on–including any negative thoughts, feelings and bodily sensations related to the memory.

You will hold the memory in your mind while also paying attention to a back-and-forth movement or sound (like your provider’s moving finger, a flashing light, or a tone that beeps in one ear at a time) until your distress goes down. This will last for about 30 seconds at a time, and then you will talk about what the exercise was like for you. Eventually, you will focus on a positive belief and feeling while you hold the memory in your mind. Towards the end of treatment, your provider will re-assess your symptoms to see if you need to process other targets.

 

 

 

What Are the Risks? – EMDR Side Effects

You may feel uncomfortable when focusing on trauma-related memories or beliefs. These feelings are usually brief and people tend to feel better as they keep doing EMDR.

  • Most people who complete EMDR find that the benefits outweigh any initial discomfort.
  • EMDR is an individual therapy. You will meet one-to-one with your provider for each session.
  • In most cases, you will not be asked to talk about the details of your trauma out loud. But you will be asked to think about your trauma in session.

EMDR does not require you to complete homework or practice assignments between sessions.

About 1-3 months of weekly 50-90 minute sessions. But, many people start to notice improvement after a few sessions. And the benefits of EMDR can last long after your final session with your provider.

 

Originally posted 2017-07-12 02:54:18.

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